2015

Angular dependence of spin-orbit spin transfer torques

Angular dependence of spin-orbit spin transfer torques
K.S. Lee , D. Go , A. Manchon, P.M. Haney , M.D. Stiles, H.-W. Lee, K.-J. Lee
Phys. Rev. B 91, 144401 (2015).​​​​​
K.S. Lee, D. Go, A. Manchon, P.M. Haney, M.D. Stiles, H.-W. Lee, K.-J. Lee
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2015
​In ferromagnet/heavy-metal bilayers, an in-plane current gives rise to spin-orbit spin-transfer torque, which is usually decomposed into fieldlike and dampinglike torques. For two-dimensional free-electron and tight-binding models with Rashba spin-orbit coupling, the fieldlike torque acquires nontrivial dependence on the magnetization direction when the Rashba spin-orbit coupling becomes comparable to the exchange interaction. This nontrivial angular dependence of the fieldlike torque is related to the Fermi surface distortion, determined by the ratio of the Rashba spin-orbit coupling to the exchange interaction. On the other hand, the dampinglike torque acquires nontrivial angular dependence when the Rashba spin-orbit coupling is comparable to or stronger than the exchange interaction. It is related to the combined effects of the Fermi surface distortion and the Fermi sea contribution. The angular dependence is consistent with experimental observations and can be important to understand magnetization dynamics induced by spin-orbit spin-transfer torques.​