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Microscopic Origin of Interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction

​Microscopic Origin of Interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction
S. Kim, K. Ueda, G. Go, P.-H. Jang, K.-J. Lee, A. Belabbes, A. Manchon, M. Suzuki, Y. Kotani, T. Nakamura, K. Nakamura, T. Koyama, D. Chiba, K. Yamada, D.-H. Kim, T. Mo​riyama, K.-J. Kim, T. Ono
2017/4/10
arXiv preprint arXiv:1704.02900 ​​​​
S. Kim, K. Ueda, G. Go, P.-H. Jang, K.-J. Lee, A. Belabbes, A. Manchon, M. Suzuki, Y. Kotani, T. Nakamura, K. Nakamura, T. Koyama, D. Chiba, K. Yamada, D.-H. Kim, T. Moriyama, K.-J. Kim, T. Ono
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arXiv
​Chiral spin textures at the interface between ferromagnetic and heavy nonmagnetic metals, such as Néel-type domain walls and skyrmions, have been studied intensively because of their great potential for future nanomagnetic devices. The Dyzaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) is an essential phenomenon for the formation of such chiral spin textures. In spite of recent theoretical progress aiming at understanding the microscopic origin of the DMI, an experimental investigation unravelling the physics at stake is still required. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the close correlation of the DMI with the anisotropy of the orbital magnetic moment and with the magnetic dipole moment of the ferromagnetic metal. The density functional theory and the tight-binding model calculations reveal that asymmetric electron occupation in orbitals gives rise to this correlation. ​