2019

Current-driven skyrmion depinning in magnetic granular films

Current-driven skyrmion depinning in magnetic granular films,
A. Salimath, A. Abbout, A. Brataas, A. Manchon,
Phys. Rev. B 99, 104416 (2019).
A. Salimath, A. Abbout, A. Brataas, A. Manchon
.
2019
We consider current-driven motion of magnetic skyrmions in granular magnetic films. The study uses micromagnetic modeling and phenomenological analysis based on the Thiele formalism. Remarkably, disorder enhances the effective skyrmion Hall effect that depends on the magnitude of the driving force (current density and non-adiabaticity parameter). The origin is sliding motion of the skyrmion along the grain boundaries, followed by pinning and depinning at the grain junctions. A side-jump can occur during this depinning process. In addition, the critical current that triggers the skyrmion motion depends on the relative size of the crystallites with respect to the skyrmion size. Finally, when the skyrmion trajectory is confined along an edge by the non-adiabatic Magnus force, the critical current density can be significantly reduced. Our results imply that narrow nanowires have higher skyrmion mobilities.